Autor Tópico: Eliminando screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04  (Lida 6972 vezes)

Offline Sergio Benjamim

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Eliminando screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04
« Online: 27 de Agosto de 2014, 22:01 »
Estava tendo um problema com screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04, estava percebendo no Firefox ao rolar a página e em emuladores. A tela basicamente fica rasgada, como se uma parte da tela não se encaixa-se na outra... bem, difícil explicar, talvez com essas imagens seja mais fácil entender:





Se prestar atenção nas marcações em vermelho, uma parte da tela esta deslocada em relação à outra. As imagens estão escuras pois eu tive que diminuir o tempo de exposição da câmera para pegar o tearing.

Perguntando ao pessoal do #xubuntu (IRC, use o xchat), me indicaram instalar o compton, que é um window compositor. O compositor padrão do xfce ocasiona esse tearing. Procurei um pouco à respeito, e achei esse site com um tutorial em inglês.

Para instalar e habilitá-lo:

- Desabilite o compositor padrão, conforme a imagem do link (clique no menu do xubuntu --> botão de "Todas Configurações", do lado do Cadeado e do Desligar --> Ajustes do Gerenciador de Janelas --> aba Compositor --> desmarque o "Habilitar composição de tela" para desativá-lo)

- Instale o compton (pode ser pela Central de Programas ou Synaptic):

Código: [Selecionar]
sudo apt-get install compton
- Crie o arquivo ~/.config/compton.conf, abra pelo terminal, mais fácil,

Código: [Selecionar]
mousepad ~/.config/compton.conf
e copie o texto abaixo, salvando no final:

Código: [Selecionar]
#################################
#
# Backend
#
#################################

# Backend to use: "xrender" or "glx".
# GLX backend is typically much faster but depends on a sane driver.
backend = "glx";

#################################
#
# GLX backend
#
#################################

glx-no-stencil = true;

# GLX backend: Copy unmodified regions from front buffer instead of redrawing them all.
# My tests with nvidia-drivers show a 10% decrease in performance when the whole screen is modified,
# but a 20% increase when only 1/4 is.
# My tests on nouveau show terrible slowdown.
# Useful with --glx-swap-method, as well.
glx-copy-from-front = false;

# GLX backend: Use MESA_copy_sub_buffer to do partial screen update.
# My tests on nouveau shows a 200% performance boost when only 1/4 of the screen is updated.
# May break VSync and is not available on some drivers.
# Overrides --glx-copy-from-front.
# glx-use-copysubbuffermesa = true;

# GLX backend: Avoid rebinding pixmap on window damage.
# Probably could improve performance on rapid window content changes, but is known to break things on some drivers (LLVMpipe).
# Recommended if it works.
# glx-no-rebind-pixmap = true;


# GLX backend: GLX buffer swap method we assume.
# Could be undefined (0), copy (1), exchange (2), 3-6, or buffer-age (-1).
# undefined is the slowest and the safest, and the default value.
# copy is fastest, but may fail on some drivers,
# 2-6 are gradually slower but safer (6 is still faster than 0).
# Usually, double buffer means 2, triple buffer means 3.
# buffer-age means auto-detect using GLX_EXT_buffer_age, supported by some drivers.
# Useless with --glx-use-copysubbuffermesa.
# Partially breaks --resize-damage.
# Defaults to undefined.
glx-swap-method = "undefined";

#################################
#
# Shadows
#
#################################

# Enabled client-side shadows on windows.
shadow = true;
# Don't draw shadows on DND windows.
no-dnd-shadow = true;
# Avoid drawing shadows on dock/panel windows.
no-dock-shadow = true;
# Zero the part of the shadow's mask behind the window. Fix some weirdness with ARGB windows.
clear-shadow = true;
# The blur radius for shadows. (default 12)
shadow-radius = 5;
# The left offset for shadows. (default -15)
shadow-offset-x = -5;
# The top offset for shadows. (default -15)
shadow-offset-y = -5;
# The translucency for shadows. (default .75)
shadow-opacity = 0.5;

# Set if you want different colour shadows
# shadow-red = 0.0;
# shadow-green = 0.0;
# shadow-blue = 0.0;

# The shadow exclude options are helpful if you have shadows enabled. Due to the way compton draws its shadows, certain applications will have visual glitches
# (most applications are fine, only apps that do weird things with xshapes or argb are affected).
# This list includes all the affected apps I found in my testing. The "! name~=''" part excludes shadows on any "Unknown" windows, this prevents a visual glitch with the XFWM alt tab switcher.
shadow-exclude = [
    "! name~=''",
    "name = 'Notification'",
    "name = 'Plank'",
    "name = 'Docky'",
    "name = 'Kupfer'",
    "name = 'xfce4-notifyd'",
    "name *= 'VLC'",
    "name *= 'compton'",
    "name *= 'Chromium'",
    "name *= 'Chrome'",
    "name *= 'Firefox'",
    "class_g = 'Conky'",
    "class_g = 'Kupfer'",
    "class_g = 'Synapse'",
    "class_g ?= 'Notify-osd'",
    "class_g ?= 'Cairo-dock'",
    "class_g ?= 'Xfce4-notifyd'",
    "class_g ?= 'Xfce4-power-manager'"
];
# Avoid drawing shadow on all shaped windows (see also: --detect-rounded-corners)
shadow-ignore-shaped = false;

#################################
#
# Opacity
#
#################################

menu-opacity = 1;
inactive-opacity = 1;
active-opacity = 1;
frame-opacity = 1;
inactive-opacity-override = false;
alpha-step = 0.06;

# Dim inactive windows. (0.0 - 1.0)
# inactive-dim = 0.2;
# Do not let dimness adjust based on window opacity.
# inactive-dim-fixed = true;
# Blur background of transparent windows. Bad performance with X Render backend. GLX backend is preferred.
# blur-background = true;
# Blur background of opaque windows with transparent frames as well.
# blur-background-frame = true;
# Do not let blur radius adjust based on window opacity.
blur-background-fixed = false;
blur-background-exclude = [
    "window_type = 'dock'",
    "window_type = 'desktop'"
];

#################################
#
# Fading
#
#################################

# Fade windows during opacity changes.
fading = true;
# The time between steps in a fade in milliseconds. (default 10).
fade-delta = 4;
# Opacity change between steps while fading in. (default 0.028).
fade-in-step = 0.03;
# Opacity change between steps while fading out. (default 0.03).
fade-out-step = 0.03;
# Fade windows in/out when opening/closing
# no-fading-openclose = true;

# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should not be faded.
fade-exclude = [ ];

#################################
#
# Other
#
#################################

# Try to detect WM windows and mark them as active.
mark-wmwin-focused = true;
# Mark all non-WM but override-redirect windows active (e.g. menus).
mark-ovredir-focused = true;
# Use EWMH _NET_WM_ACTIVE_WINDOW to determine which window is focused instead of using FocusIn/Out events.
# Usually more reliable but depends on a EWMH-compliant WM.
use-ewmh-active-win = true;
# Detect rounded corners and treat them as rectangular when --shadow-ignore-shaped is on.
detect-rounded-corners = true;

# Detect _NET_WM_OPACITY on client windows, useful for window managers not passing _NET_WM_OPACITY of client windows to frame windows.
# This prevents opacity being ignored for some apps.
# For example without this enabled my xfce4-notifyd is 100% opacity no matter what.
detect-client-opacity = true;

# Specify refresh rate of the screen.
# If not specified or 0, compton will try detecting this with X RandR extension.
refresh-rate = 0;

# Set VSync method. VSync methods currently available:
# none: No VSync
# drm: VSync with DRM_IOCTL_WAIT_VBLANK. May only work on some drivers.
# opengl: Try to VSync with SGI_video_sync OpenGL extension. Only work on some drivers.
# opengl-oml: Try to VSync with OML_sync_control OpenGL extension. Only work on some drivers.
# opengl-swc: Try to VSync with SGI_swap_control OpenGL extension. Only work on some drivers. Works only with GLX backend. Known to be most effective on many drivers. Does not actually control paint timing, only buffer swap is affected, so it doesn’t have the effect of --sw-opti unlike other methods. Experimental.
# opengl-mswc: Try to VSync with MESA_swap_control OpenGL extension. Basically the same as opengl-swc above, except the extension we use.
# (Note some VSync methods may not be enabled at compile time.)
vsync = "opengl-swc";

# Enable DBE painting mode, intended to use with VSync to (hopefully) eliminate tearing.
# Reported to have no effect, though.
dbe = false;
# Painting on X Composite overlay window. Recommended.
paint-on-overlay = true;

# Limit compton to repaint at most once every 1 / refresh_rate second to boost performance.
# This should not be used with --vsync drm/opengl/opengl-oml as they essentially does --sw-opti's job already,
# unless you wish to specify a lower refresh rate than the actual value.
sw-opti = false;

# Unredirect all windows if a full-screen opaque window is detected, to maximize performance for full-screen windows, like games.
# Known to cause flickering when redirecting/unredirecting windows.
# paint-on-overlay may make the flickering less obvious.
unredir-if-possible = true;

# Specify a list of conditions of windows that should always be considered focused.
focus-exclude = [ ];

# Use WM_TRANSIENT_FOR to group windows, and consider windows in the same group focused at the same time.
detect-transient = true;
# Use WM_CLIENT_LEADER to group windows, and consider windows in the same group focused at the same time.
# WM_TRANSIENT_FOR has higher priority if --detect-transient is enabled, too.
detect-client-leader = true;

#################################
#
# Window type settings
#
#################################

wintypes:
{
    tooltip =
    {
        # fade: Fade the particular type of windows.
        fade = true;
        # shadow: Give those windows shadow
        shadow = false;
        # opacity: Default opacity for the type of windows.
        opacity = 0.85;
        # focus: Whether to always consider windows of this type focused.
        focus = true;
    };
};


- Inicie o Compton: aperte Alt+F2 e digite compton, e aperte Enter. Pronto, você já estará usando o novo compositor!

- Agora só precisa fazer com que ele inicie logo quando você loga no sistema. Lá nas Configurações, clique em "Sessão e Inicialização" --> aba "Início automático de aplicativo", clique em Adicionar e digite o seguinte nos respectivos campos:

Código: [Selecionar]
Nome: Compton
Descrição: Compositor para o X11
Comando: compton

E clique em OK.

O link do tutorial tem várias imagens, dá para ir se guiando por lá.

As imagens aqui melhoraram 100%. E ficou com umas transições legais no Alt+Tab :D


Fontes:

How to switch to Compton for beautiful tear free compositing in XFCE
E canal IRC #xubuntu

Obs: Tem essa outra configuração do compton.conf. É a oficial que será usada no 14.10 (não que o compton será o compositor padrão).
« Última modificação: 27 de Agosto de 2014, 22:08 por Sergio Benjamim »
É novo no Ubuntu? Já leu o Ubuntu – Guia do Iniciante 2.0 ?
Experimente o Xubuntu 14.04 !

Offline Sergio Benjamim

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Re: Eliminando screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04
« Resposta #1 Online: 27 de Agosto de 2014, 22:48 »
O cara do blog fez até um vídeo:

Fix XFCE Screen Tearing

---

Tem essa outra solução, mas não sei se dá certo.
« Última modificação: 27 de Agosto de 2014, 22:52 por Sergio Benjamim »
É novo no Ubuntu? Já leu o Ubuntu – Guia do Iniciante 2.0 ?
Experimente o Xubuntu 14.04 !

Offline Sergio Benjamim

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Re: Eliminando screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04
« Resposta #2 Online: 24 de Setembro de 2014, 20:44 »
Me indicaram essa outra solução no facebook, alterando um arquivo do lightdm que chama o xorg.

How do I eliminate screen tearing on 14.04 and XBMC with NVidia-331?
É novo no Ubuntu? Já leu o Ubuntu – Guia do Iniciante 2.0 ?
Experimente o Xubuntu 14.04 !

Offline kenner

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Re: Eliminando screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04
« Resposta #3 Online: 25 de Setembro de 2014, 12:26 »
O xubuntu agora possui uma opção para eliminar o screen teargin o que ajuda em alguns casos.

A opção pode ser localizada na aba composição. Em português está mais ou menos assim:
"Aguardar o branco para sincronizar".

Tenho uma hd4000, com os drivers do kernel mesmo, e aparentemente resolveu.

Offline Sergio Benjamim

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Re: Eliminando screen tearing no Xubuntu 14.04
« Resposta #4 Online: 31 de Outubro de 2014, 23:00 »
Achei uma solução bem mais fácil: simplesmente desabilitar o window compositor. Ir em Todas Configurações, Ajustes do gerenciador de Janelas, aba Compositor e desmarque "Habilitar composição de tela".
É novo no Ubuntu? Já leu o Ubuntu – Guia do Iniciante 2.0 ?
Experimente o Xubuntu 14.04 !